18 setembro, 2011

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2011

This Little Data Book provides data for more than 20 key indicators on business environment and private sector development for more than 200 economies.




Preface

Access to reliable cross-country data on private sector development is crucial when formulating responses to economic crisis. When downturns affect exports, investment and growth negatively, making life easier for business is a significant step towards economic recovery. This became very obvious during the global financial crises when governments were trying to stimulate economic growth through the creation of more robust private and finance markets. Improving the investment climate facilitates economic adjustment as it helps attract capital to create jobs and provide basic services.
Unsurprisingly, the availability of cross-country data on the business environment has rapidly expanded in recent years, including data from the World Bank’s Doing Business project, Enterprise Surveys, and the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Snapshots.
The data sources presented in this book report on the scope and types of regulations that enhance — and constrain — business activity and provide information on business owners’ assessment of the business environment. The data have led to new research, enabled benchmarking, and informed the reform process in many developing countries.
Included in this guide are indicators on the economic and social context, the investment climate, private sector investment, finance and banking, and infrastructure. Though a pocket guide cannot include all relevant variables, the indicators that are included provide users with a general understanding of the private sector in each country. Indicators displayed in the tables are defined in the Glossary, which also lists data sources.
We welcome your suggestions on how to improve future editions and make them more useful. 

Regional tables

The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical regions and may differ from common geographic usage.
East Asia and Pacific American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Europe and Central Asia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Lithuania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Latin America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Uruguay, República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Middle East and North Africa Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen
South Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Sub-Saharan Africa Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe 

World

Economic and social context Population (millions) Labor force (millions) Unemployment rate (% of labor force) gni per capita, World Bank Atlas method ($) gdp growth, 1995–2000 and 2000–09 (average annual %) Agriculture value added (% of gdp) Industry value added (% of gdp) Manufacturing value added (% of gdp) Services value added (% of gdp) Inflation (annual % change in consumer price index) Exchange rate (local currency units per $) Exports of goods and services (% of gdp) Imports of goods and services (% of gdp)
Investment climate Ease of doing business index (ranking 1–183; 1 = best) Time to start a business (days) Procedures to start a business (number) Firing cost (weeks of wages) Closing a business (years to resolve insolvency) Total tax rate (% of profit) Profit tax (% of commercial profits) New businesses registered (thousands) New business density (new regis. Per working-age pop.) Enterprise surveys Time dealing with gov’t officials (% of management time) Firms expected to give gifts in meetings w/tax officials (%) Firms using banks to finance investments (% of firms) Delay in obtaining an electrical connection (days) iso certification ownership (% of firms)
Private sector investment Invest. In infrastructure w/private participation ($ millions) Private foreign direct investment, net (% of gdp) Gross fixed capital formation (% of gdp) Gross fixed private capital formation (% of gdp)
Finance and banking Government cash surplus or deficit (% of gdp) Government debt (% of gdp) Deposit money banks’ assets (% of gdp) Total financial system deposits (% of gdp) Bank capital to asset ratio (%) Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio (%) Domestic credit to the private sector (% of gdp) Real interest rate (%) Interest rate spread (percentage points)
Infrastructure Paved roads (% of total roads) Electric power consumption (kwh per capita) Power outages in a typical month (number) Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people) Internet users (per 100 people)




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